The small particles you’ve heard about their harm? These contaminants not only affect our health … but also on the development of children in the womb. According to a new study, they can cause premature birth.
Of course, many of you are aware that fine particles should not be taken seriously. However, experts on the environment believe that air pollution kills more than AIDS and malaria combined. Now, thanks to a new study by York University (Canada), it is possible to give exact figures of air pollution is responsible for 18% of premature births in the world! You are a citizen of metropolis? It is worth considering if you plan to have a baby….
Clarification: scientists from the University of York talking about the “premature” birth, when they occur before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Extreme prematurity if the child is born up to 6 months of pregnancy, premature birth, from 6 to 7 months of pregnancy.
Premature births pose a risk to children
Premature labor is dangerous to life and health of children: children born too early will likely suffer from slow growth, hyperactivity, relationship problems, diabetes of the 2nd type …
To come to the obtained results, the canadian researchers examined the medical data of residents out of 183 countries in the world! They found that in 2010, 2.7 million children (18% of total births worldwide) are born early because of air pollution.
Higher rates were observed in the countries of South-East Asia and East Asia, where it was mentioned that 75% of preterm births. Only one India has 1 million premature births that are associated with small particles; in China, this figure reached 500000 cases.
In Europe, the frequency of premature births due to contamination is about 5% (e.g., from 7.4% in France). In Russia, the figure is 10-15% (Source sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412016305992). In Asia and Africa, this figure ranges from 15% to 18%. In some countries or cities, other factors can significantly increase the risk of negative impact of small particles. For example, the pollution of indoor air in houses where the kitchen furniture or utensils made from biomass creates harmful fumes or emissions of gasoline and diesel vehicles, as well as not timely disposed of the trash.